Ancient Egyptians, Greeks and Romans all used honey (which works just like sugar) to treat open wounds and burns. Today, antibiotic ointments are the treatment of choice for ulcers, cuts, scrapes, and burns. Yet honey and sugar are far superior to any antibiotic ointment ever used. When sugar or honey is packed on top of and inside an open wound, it dissolves in the fluid exuding from the wound, creating a hyperosmotic, or highly concentrated, medium. Bacteria cannot exist in a hyperosmotic environment any more than a goldfish could live in the Great Salt Lake. Scientists have tested the viability of many types of bacteria, including Klebsiella, Shigella, Stapylococcus aureus, and Streptococcus pyogenes, and none of them have been able to survive in a honey or sugar solution. In addition to curbing infection, this therapy facilitates healing in other ways. It draws fluid out of the wound, which reduces oedema (swelling). It provides a covering or filling and therefore prevents scabbing. It encourages the removal of dead tissue to make way for new growth. It promotes granulation, the formation of connnective tissue and blood vessels on the surfaces of a wound. Finally, it supports the growth of new skin covering the wound. The net result is rapid healing with minimal scarring. Do not use on a bleeding wound as sugar promotes bleeding.